William (Ned) Friedman

William (Ned) Friedman

Arnold Professor of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology
Director of the Arnold Arboretum
Faculty Fellow of the Arnold Arboretum
Ned Friedman

Research Interests

Organismic interfaces between developmental, phylogenetic and evolutionary biology; how patterns of morphology, anatomy and cell biology have evolved through the modification of developmental processes; Darwin's "abominable mystery"

Related Publications

Schoonderwoerd, K. and W.E. Friedman. 2016. Zygotic dormancy underlies prolonged seed development in Franklinia alatamaha (Theaceae): a most unusual case of reproductive phenology in angiosperms. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181: 70-83.

Friedman, W.E., M.S. Dosmann, T.M. Boland, D.E. Boufford, M.J. Donoghue, A. Gapinski, L. Hufford, P.W. Meyer and D.H. Pfister. 2016. Developing an exemplary collection: a vision for the next century at the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University. Arnoldia 73(3): 2-18.

Friedman, W.E. 2015. Development and evolution of the female gametophyte and fertilization process in Welwitschia mirabilis. American Journal of Botany 102: 312-324.

Povilus, R.A., J. M. Losada and W.E. Friedman. 2015. Floral biology and ovule and seed ontogeny of Nymphaea thermarum, an autogamous water lily at the brink of extinction with potential as a model system for basal angiosperms. Annals of Botany 115: 211-226.

Wu, C.C., P.K. Diggle and W.E. Friedman. 2013. Kin recognition within a seed and the effect of genetic relatedness of an endosperm to its compatriot embryo on maize seed development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110: 2217-2222.

Friedman, W.E. and P.K. Diggle. 2011. Charles Darwin and the origins of plant evolutionary developmental biology. Plant Cell 23: 1194-1207

Friedman, W.E. 2009. The meaning of Darwin's "abominable mystery." American Journal of Botany 96: 5-21.

Friedman, W.E. and K.C. Ryerson. 2009. Reconstructing the ancestral female gametophyte of angiosperms: insights from Amborella and other ancient lineages of flowering plants. American Journal of Botany 96: 129-143. | pdf

Friedman, W.E. 2009. The meaning of Darwin's "abominable mystery." American Journal of Botany 96: 5-21. | pdf

Friedman, W.E. 2008. Hydatellaceae are water lilies with gymnospermous tendencies. Nature 453: 94-97. | pdf

Winther J.L. and W.E. Friedman. 2008. Arbuscular mycorrhizal associations in Lycopodiaceae. New Phytologist 177: 790-801. | pdf

Friedman, W.E. 2006. Embryological evidence for developmental lability during early angiosperm evolution. Nature 441: 337-340. | pdf

Environmental Courses

Faculty Department

Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology

Contact Information

Harvard University Herbaria, 423

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