William (Ned) Friedman

William (Ned) Friedman

Arnold Professor of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology
Director of the Arnold Arboretum
Faculty Fellow of the Arnold Arboretum
Ned Friedman

Research Interests

Organismic interfaces between developmental, phylogenetic and evolutionary biology; how patterns of morphology, anatomy and cell biology have evolved through the modification of developmental processes; Darwin's "abominable mystery"

Related Publications

Schoonderwoerd, K.M. and W.E. Friedman. 2021. Naked resting bud morphologies and their taxonomic and geographic distributions in temperate, woody floras. New Phytologist, in press.

Friedman, W.E. and P.K. Endress. 2020. Alexander Moritzi, a Swiss pre-Darwinian evolutionist. Journal of the History of Biology 53: 549-585.

Friedman, W.E. 2020. Darwin in the garden: Engaging the public about evolution with museum collections of living objects. Plants, People, Planet 2: 294-301.

Povilus, R.A., J.M. DaCosta, C. Grassa, P.R.V. Satyaki, M. Moeglein, J. Jaenisch, Z. Xi, S. Mathews, M. Gehring, C.C. Davis, and W.E. Friedman.  2020. Water lily (Nymphaea thermarum) genome reveals variable genomic signatures of ancient vascular cambium losses. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 117: 8649-8656.

Povilus, R.A., P.K. Diggle and W.E. Friedman.  2018.  Evidence for parent-of-origin effects and interparental conflict in seeds of an ancient flowering plant lineage. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 285; DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2017.2491.

Friedman, W.E.  2017.  Insights into how the world turned green.  New Phytologist 215: 505-507.

Losada, J.M., J.B. Bachelier and W.E. Friedman.  2017.  Prolonged embryogenesis in Austrobaileya scandens (Austrobaileyaceae): its ecological and evolutionary significance.  New Phytologist 215: 851-864.

Schoonderwoerd, K. and W.E. Friedman.  2016.  Zygotic dormancy underlies prolonged seed development in Franklinia alatamaha(Theaceae): a most unusual case of reproductive phenology in angiosperms.  Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 181: 70-83.

Friedman, W.E., M.S. Dosmann, T.M. Boland, D.E. Boufford, M.J. Donoghue, A. Gapinski, L. Hufford, P.W. Meyer and D.H. Pfister.  2016.  Developing an exemplary collection:  a vision for the next century at the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University.  Arnoldia 73(3): 2-18.

Friedman, W.E.  2015.  Development and evolution of the female gametophyte and fertilization process in Welwitschia mirabilisAmerican Journal of Botany 102: 312-324.

Environmental Courses

Faculty Department

Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology

Contact Information

Harvard University Herbaria, 423

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